A precedent at Roosevelt
On the record, police officials in the Northwest discuss the problem cautiously.
“The bottom line is if they identify as a gang, we have a potential issue,” says John Fleming, the captain of the 14th Police District.
On background, law enforcement sources confirm that the groups identified by Hall are an active, if disorganized, threat to public safety.
“They deal drugs for sneakers and food,” said one source who was not authorized to talk with reporters. “The [kids] still in school are loosely affiliated. They claim the [gang moniker] so no one messes with them.”
Everyone agrees the groups are responsible for many of the 339 juvenile assaults and five juvenile shootings in the 14th District last year.
Everyone agrees that things have been pretty quiet recently.
And everyone agrees it won’t take much to start up a new round of violence.
“It can go haywire at any time,” said Aziz, the gang specialist.
That’s why the District’s school-closings plan has people on edge.
They worry that sending hundreds of kids from Germantown into King will mean more frequent interactions between the groups.
And they fear the merger will provoke all the groups below Chew Avenue to join forces for protection, prompting the groups above Chew to respond in kind.
Hall says that’s what happened in 2007, after the District closed Ada Lewis Middle School.
The majority of the Ada Lewis students were from Somerville.
They were sent into Roosevelt Middle School, where the kids mostly lived in Brickyard, Haines Street, and Dogtown.
That year, Roosevelt’s enrollment went up 39 percent.
Reported serious incidents went up 144 percent.
Reported assaults on students and staff went up 143 percent.
“Kids would just randomly walk into classrooms and start fights,” said Donald Malcolm, a 15-year Roosevelt veteran and the school’s current dean of students.
“A lot of kids got jumped after school. There were large fights in the middle of Washington Lane. It was a big mess.”
District light on details
Asked what they learned from Roosevelt, District officials had no answer.
“For that, I wasn’t at the School District,” said Chief Inspector Dorsey, who has been on the job for three months.
Asked which on-the-ground experts District officials are consulting as they prepare to send roughly 500 Germantown
students into King, Dorsey struggled to give specifics.
“I have reached out to folks. We need to do more of it. Especially in the high schools,” she said.
Dorsey, a 28-year veteran of the Philadelphia Police Department, is not unaware of the city’s gang problem.
She said the District asked the department’s criminal intelligence units to review each proposed school closing, then report on possible gang and neighborhood conflicts that could be sparked.
The District would not release the intelligence report on Germantown and King.
There is little evidence it has informed any nuts-and-bolts planning at the schools.
King’s principal said he hasn’t had any formal meetings about the potential influx of Germantown students.
“It’s on our agenda,” said Wade.
When the time comes, said Wade, his strategy will likely focus on academics, including expanded opportunities for disruptive students.
Eventually, his team will suggest how to create safe corridors to and from school. He hopes to contract with outside mentoring groups and hire more conflict-resolution specialists.
Wade doesn’t know any details about what resources he’ll be provided to make his plan work.
He said preparations will pick up in March or April, after the School Reform Commission votes on the final school-closing recommendations.
“I think it would be very disrespectful to plan full speed ahead when the final decision hasn’t been made yet.”
How to do it right
As many as 17,000 city students could be assigned to new schools next September.
Thousands more will deal with a wave of new students into their current schools.
Raekwon Canty is a 10th grader at King. He was watching TV when he heard about the District’s plan for Germantown.
“They want us to kill each other,” he thought.
Canty hopes to go to college. But he expects next year to be lost to fights.
“If people have been going to King for so long, then other people try to come and take over? They’re not having that. I know I wouldn’t,” he said.
Experts say the District must disarm that mindset in order to close schools safely.
“You need to start the conversation and the intervention now, so when September rolls around, you’ve invested nine months of interaction,” said Anthony Murphy.
As the executive director of Town Watch Integrated Services, Murphy oversees 700 town-watch groups and a couple of hundred safe-corridors programs around the city.
He said prevention efforts should have already begun:
Conversations with kids in both shuttered and receiving schools.
A detailed analysis of how student commutes are likely to change.
Training for teachers on how to report signs of trouble.
Increased communications between school officials, police, and community leaders.
And outreach to respected neighborhood “old heads” who can help hammer out truces.
“You have to ask the entire community, ‘What are you willing to do to make this OK?’” said Murphy.
“That has not happened yet.”
A citywide issue
It’s not just the Northwest.
In early January, almost 1,000 people turned out to a public forum on the District’s plan to close 12 North Philly schools, including Strawberry Mansion High.
“People are scared to go from one neighborhood to another,” said Mansion student Marcquis Graham. “The murder rate is going to be higher, and there are going to be more people dropping out of school.”
Similar arguments have been made at forums in South Philly, West Philly, and the Southwest.
Superintendent Hite has responded by pointing out that more than half of the city’s high school students already leave their neighborhoods to attend school. He’s promised detailed safety plans, extra transportation, safe corridors, and conflict resolution programs.
Aziz, who has been working on the front lines against gang violence in the city for the past 17 years, is skeptical:
“I think their approach is going to be a knee-jerk reaction to somebody getting shot.”
Hall has a similar fear.
“All I see is the possibility of somebody getting killed,” he said.
If that happens, says Kelley Hodge, the already frayed relationship between the District and city parents may snap.
Like Aziz, Hall, and Murphy, Hodge says she wasn’t consulted on the District’s school-closings plan. She hasn’t been invited to participate in safety planning.
“I presume there has been discussion,” she said. “I haven’t been privy to the details.”
Every day, though, Hodge hears from Philadelphia families.
She says they’re scared mass closings will worsen the already pervasive violence in city schools, and they’re worried that their warnings are falling on deaf ears.
But their message to the District, said Hodge, is clear:
“We’re going to hold you accountable for what happens to our children.”
Photo credits: Second photo: William Wade, principal of Martin Luther King High School, says that planning for a potential influx of Germantown students will begin after the March SRC vote on school closings. (Emma Lee/NewsWorks)
Third photo: Terrace Born Killers, or TBK, is the name of one of several gangs that claim territory in the neighborhoods surrounding Germantown and King High Schools. (Emma Lee/NewsWorks)
Slideshow: All photos by Emma Lee/NewsWorks