|Shows obvious signs of sadness, acts clingy
||Listen to concerns and feelings. Educate students about different trauma reactions.
|Experiences behavior problems that were not as serious before
||Stay calm, set limits. Try to get the student back into a regular classroom routine.
|Has trouble concentrating, paying attention, or getting work done on time
||Focus on the present with gentle reminders. Consider modifying work or adding structure.
|Seems sleepy or irritable due to lack of sleep
||Suggest healthy sleep habits, like not viewing,a computer or TV screen right before bed. Consider adjusting work deadlines until sleep is stabilized.
|Experiences typical trauma reactions such as stomach aches, pounding heart, body aches, fast and shallow breathing
||Understand that these may make the student fearful. Teach relaxation strategies such as slow breathing, stretching, physical activity.
| - Adapted from the National Child Trauma Stress Network