Children get a literacy boost from centers with a structured curriculum, well-trained staff, and good communications between teachers and families.
Start when they are babies, literacy experts say. They also suggest watching for certain milestones and warning signs.
Parents of children with reading difficulties learn to be diligent and willing to advocate.
The city wants children to reach literacy by 4th grade – a critical milestone. The effort starts way before age 5.
Yet many Philadelphia schoolchildren don’t see a pediatrician regularly, and school nursing staff has been slashed.