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For neighborhood elementary schools, a tale of two cities

By Benjamin Herold for NewsWorks, a Notebook news partner on Mar 6, 2013 06:54 PM

Click map for interactive version

 

In Philadelphia’s Far Northeast, within city lines but long its own sprawling world, the traditional neighborhood public elementary school remains a popular option for families with young children.

Take William H. Loesche Elementary, at Tomlinson Road and Bustleton Avenue, almost in Bucks County. 

The school serves nine of every 10 public school students living within  its attendance zone. Just 6 percent of families choose to send their children to charter schools. The school, like most others in that section of the city, has remained untouched by the District’s multi-year push to close dozens of schools and convert others to charters.

Across a large swath of North, West, and South Philadelphia, however, it’s another story. 

In a pocket of Grays Ferry near 32nd and Dickinson Streets, for example, less than half of families with children in public schools are choosing struggling James Alcorn Elementary. Almost 30 percent of families in the neighborhood send their children to a charter school of some sort. Twenty-three percent have found spots for their children in District-managed schools in other neighborhoods.

Next year, the District will hand over management of Alcorn to a charter operator as part of its Renaissance school turnaround initiative.

The relationship between Philadelphia’s traditional public schools and their surrounding communities is in flux, as it is in many big cities across the country. 

In New Orleans, students are no longer assigned to schools based on where they live at all. Boston school officials established “choice zones,” but are now taking another look.

In Philadelphia, meanwhile, Mayor Michael Nutter, the School Reform Commission, and Superintendent William Hite have all been vocal in their desire to move the city toward a “portfolio” of schools. The focus would be on ensuring “high-quality” schools in every neighborhood, but not necessarily guaranteeing that those schools would be District-managed or that all students in the surrounding community would be able to attend the option closest to home.

Over and over, officials have stressed that many parents have already opted out of their neighborhood schools.

Yesterday, NewsWorks took a look at new “live-in/attend out” data released by the District to see how public school choice is driving the push to downsize and consolidate the city’s neighborhood comprehensive high schools.

The data show that, at the high school level, proposed closings mostly hit neighborhood schools that enroll only a small fraction of the students from their attendance boundaries. 

At the elementary level, meanwhile, a NewsWorks analysis of that data shows that roughly two-thirds of public school students in the city are choosing their neighborhood elementary school. About one in five choose some kind of charter, and one in 10 go to a neighborhood school other than their own. Those numbers cover the159 school attendance zones for which the District made information available.

But among elementary schools, there is not such a clear relationship between the District’s downsizing effort and the choices being made by parents. In fact, seven of 14 elementary schools targeted for closing are retaining a higher-than-average percentage of neighborhood children.

One school, Bayard Taylor, in eastern North Philadelphia, retains 81 percent of the public school students living in its attendance zone. That’s the 18th-best rate in the city. Other elementary schools on the closings list with a higher than average percentage of neighborhood students attending are Fairhill, Fulton, L.P. Hill, Leidy, T.M. Peirce, and Reynolds. Among the seven, however, all but Fulton and Taylor are significantly underutilized, with Hill at just 32 percent capacity.

An interactive map created by NewsWorks shows the geographic patterns attached to the numbers. Users can select “neighborhood” and “charter” options from the menu to see a comparative breakdown of how many families in different parts of the city are choosing each type of school option. Users can also select on any school attendance zone, or “catchment,” in the city to get a breakdown of what public school options families in that neighborhood are actually selecting.

The map also contains the city’s Renaissance charter elementary schools, which are externally managed but required to serve the students in their attendance zones.

The data, provided by the School District of Philadelphia, does not include students in private, parochial, and other non-public school options.

Some further highlights:

  • Popular Penn Alexander Elementary in University City – where parents began queuing up for limited elementary school spots a full four days before the official start of registration, prompting the District to institute an enrollment lottery – serves 83 percent of the families in its catchment. That's the 12th-highest rate of neighborhood students served. 
  • Tiny Munoz-Marin Elementary in Kensington serves 88 percent of the students in its catchment, the third-highest rate in the city. Munoz-Marin is part of a cluster of neighborhood schools in North Central Philadelphia, east of Broad Street, that remain popular with parents.
  • At the other end of the spectrum, Amedee Bregy Elementary in far South Philadelphia serves less than 15 percent of the public school students living in its catchment. More than two-thirds of families send their children to charter schools.
  • A total of 43 District-managed elementary schools have been recommended for either closure or to receive an influx of new students as part of the District-wide downsizing, to be voted on Thursday by the School Reform Commission. Just under 63 percent of students living in those schools’ attendance zones are choosing their neighborhood schools, compared to just under 69 percent in the 116 schools unaffected by the closings plan.


This story was reported through a partnership in education coverage between WHYY/NewsWorks and the Notebook.

Graphic credit: Image adapted from an interactive map by Michelle Schmitt

Related: In North Philly, keeping a high school open requires wooing neighbors back

 

Which neighborhood elementary schools serve the highest percentage of public school students living in their attendence zone?

(Data shown by catchment area)
 

Name % choosing own
​ neighborhood school
% choosing charter
  TOP 20  
Loesche, William H 90.4 6.4
Solis-Cohen, Solomon 88.5 8.0
Munoz-Marin, Luis 88.0 6.3
Willard, Frances 87.6 6.3
Greenberg, Joseph 87.4 8.0
Fox Chase 86.6 9.5
Farrell, Louis H 86.2 10.3
Hancock, John 85.7 13.0
Frank, Anne 84.5 9.4
Meredith, William M 84.2 4.8
Sheridan, Philip H 84.1 9.0
Barton, Clara 83.6 12.6
Alexander, Sadie 83.2 2.0
Rhawnhurst 82.2 9.8
Moffet, John 82.2 7.9
deBurgos, Julia 81.8 9.0
Decatur, Stephen 81.7 16.2
Taylor, Bayard 80.9 12.4
Sheppard, Isaac 80.7 8.5
Spruance, Gilbert 80.1 12.4
     
  BOTTOM 10  
Bryant, William Cullen 50.0 31.8
Spring Garden 48.5 27.9
Ludlow, James R 48.0 25.4
Dobson, James 47.5 14.9
Locke, Alain 47.1 18.6
Dunbar, Paul Laurence 45.9 26.9
Washington, George (ES) 45.3 23.5
Alcorn, James 45.0 27.2
Nebinger, George W 40.2 29.3
Bregy, F Amedee 14.5

68.4

*Source: School District of Philadelphia

 

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Comments (3)

Submitted by Poogie (not verified) on March 7, 2013 10:08 am
Is the failure of schools due to bad teachers or a bad neighborhood?? At Loesche Elementary 90% go to local school and the teachers are doing a great job. Are these teachers smarter than those in West Philly, Better educated than those in North Philly or better looking than all other Philly teachers? Or do they just get better students to work with so they like teachers at Central and Masterman which get to exclude bad students are great teachers. But I guess it is politically incorrect to say the failure of most Philadelphia students is the result of the abject failure of their families. So blame teachers.
Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on March 7, 2013 1:17 pm
Well, it's not the 'failure' of their families, per se. It's poverty and uneducated parents being ill equipped to aid in the education of their children. I don't think of that is an individual family failure anymore than I think of poverty as an individual failure. Sure, it is in some cases but in many cases it's just the natural byproduct of being poorly educated in a job market that doesn't pay the poorly educated. We know that parental wealth and education level are huge determinants of student success. We also know it's generally easier to teacher middle class students. We also know that teachers generally like stability. Take all three of those and you get teachers who can move to more middle class schools often do. I've taught at schools where most children couldn't identify letters or colors when they entered kindergarten and I've taught at schools where many of the kindergartners read at at third day level on day one. Clearly no matter how good of a teacher I am I cannot overcome that gap. That's the biggest problem we face in Philadelphia and it's far bigger than bad teachers. (Although I feel strongly that we need to get rid of bad teachers because not only are they bad for students but they make life harder for harder working teachers).
Submitted by JUDITH ROBINSON (not verified) on March 8, 2013 12:29 am
Most poor parents are more educated than their parents were when they attended schools,and we got an education.(knowing that parents are the first teachers) When did parents start having to educate their children? Once a child is in a formal classroom,they should make some progress. So,if a child has no parents,are they not being taught in school? Many parents are not aware of what a first grader should know to be considered educated... Having laws passed to prevent one from receiving education ,has long reaching affects... How are teacher trained ,to teach middle class childrens Only?

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