Dan Hardyon Oct 20, 2014 12:36 PM
Pennsylvania’s special education funding system is complicated and in flux. But it has generally discouraged districts from identifying too many special education students while rewarding charters that do so.
Dan Hardyon Oct 20, 2014 12:36 PM
With education funds scarce in the commonwealth, the debate over how charter schools get their money has never been more polarized.
The stakes are huge: Last school year, 176 charter schools educated 129,000 students statewide, at a cost to Pennsylvania school districts of more than $1.2 billion. About half those schools and students are located in Philadelphia; they consume 30 percent of the District’s operating budget.
Charter schools are independently run public schools paid for by tax dollars, authorized and primarily funded by the school districts from which their students come. Districts send charters a per-student payment, based on a state-established formula.
Dan Hardyon Oct 20, 2014 12:35 PM
Pennsylvania’s 14 cyber charters enroll more than 36,000 students. Their model is very different from that of school districts – students learn at home via computer and generally don’t go to a physical location. But they are paid based on school district costs, not their actual expenses. In a 2012 report, Auditor General Jack Wagner said that Pennsylvania cybers were getting $105 million more than the national average for cyber spending.
Hina Fathimaon Oct 7, 2014 12:49 PM
Zac Steele has been passionate about education since he was a student at Swarthmore College. There he delved into issues of race and class in urban education, so when he came across a copy of the Notebook during his senior year, it was a welcome resource for topics he was already exploring.
Eric Joselynon Oct 3, 2014 03:48 PM
Dale Mezzacappaon Oct 2, 2014 10:40 AM
The point of a state education funding formula is to be fair, help all districts reach spending levels adequate to their needs, and adjust for demographic and other changes. Funding should be predictable so that districts can plan.
But Pennsylvania long ago abandoned such a system for distributing education aid, according to advocates and experts. And this has exacerbated inequities among districts and frustrated educators.
There were 2,277 school districts in Pennsylvania. Under Gov. William W. Scranton, a series of consolidations reduced the number of districts to fewer than 700 (it fell to 505 by the late 1970s).
Dale Mezzacappaon Oct 2, 2014 10:37 AM
Although most education funding comes from local sources, all states contribute to school district costs, compensating for differences in property wealth, income levels, and taxing capacity among districts. Most states have a formula that guides how the aid is distributed among districts, based on factors such as enrollment, local wealth, and student characteristics.
Ideally, formulas are designed to make sure all districts have adequate funds and increase equity among districts. The particulars of each formula differ, but normally, richer districts get less state aid, while poorer districts depend on the state for much of their education money.
Payne Schroeder | Traducción por Mildred S. Martínezon Sep 30, 2014 02:13 PM
Siete padres de estudiantes del Distrito presentaron una demanda en el Tribunal Estatal en septiembre, aseverando que el Departamento de Educación del estado fue ilegalmente negligente y no investigó reportes de “deficiencias masivas de currículo” dentro del Distrito.
Dale Mezzacappa | Traducción por Mildred S. Martínez.on Sep 30, 2014 01:58 PM
El Distrito Escolar, junto con la ciudad, comercios clave y grupos sin fines de lucro, ha comenzado una campaña para que todos los estudiantes de cuarto grado logren dominio de la lectura para el 2020.
El esfuerzo, llamado READ by 4th, es parte de la campaña nacional Campaign for Grade-Level Reading, la cual fue lanzada por la Fundación Annie E. Casey y ahora incluye a más de 150 comunidades de todo el país.