Eight components of literacy instruction
Read aloud – Teacher reads aloud from high quality literature or other informational text. This reading can occur in any subject including science and social studies.
Shared reading – Teacher reads a text to demonstrate skills and strategies effective readers use. Students follow along in their own copy of the text.
Guided reading – Small group instruction for students who have similar needs and reading levels. Teacher works with students individually on skills and strategies for reading. Students apply strategies they have learned.
Independent reading – Students read on their own level alone or with a buddy.
Modeled writing – Teacher demonstrates strategies and skills used by effective writers.
Interactive writing / shared writing – Teacher and students work together to compose a text while teachers demonstrate skills and strategies used by effective writers. Students contribute to the writing process.
Guided writing – Small group instruction for students who have similar needs. Students share their writing with the teacher and apply strategies they have learned.
Independent writing – Students write their own text, practicing the strategies and skills they have learned. Topics are selected by the teacher or by students.